Fish Identification: Smallmouth Bass

by Justin on July 11, 2007

Smallmouth Bass

Smallmouth Bass (Micropterus dolomieu )

Range and Description:
The Smallmouth Bass is what most people are refer to as just a
plain “bass”. Smallmouth are native to the Mississippi and Ohio
Rivers. They are very abundant in many Midwest and Southern
states, in woodland ponds and lakes and many large streams as
well as in main tributaries. Preferring larger lakes and streams
to smaller with plenty of clear water. Smallmouth Bass range from
southern Canada and Minnesota all the way to Tennessee and

Smallmouth Bass like the Largemouth Bass are a general brown,
bronze or tan in color with green dark vertical bands along its
sides. The dorsal fin usually has 13-15 soft rays. And unlike its
cousin the Largemouth, Smallmouth Bass have a mouth that never
extends passed the eye.

Identify Male / Female:
Female Smallmouth Bass are in most cases larger than their male
counterparts, by the 5 growing season female bass are nearly
twice the size of the males. But distinguishing based on external
characteristics is difficult sometimes. Usually easier to tell in
spawning season when you may notice milky substance near the
vents of males and small greenish eggs on female bass vents.
substance Although most over bass over 6 pounds are all virtually

Fishing Tips:

  • Smallmouth Bass can be caught using a large variety of
    baits, artificial and live.
  • Many fishers prefer to use soft artificial baits because
    Smallmouth have a tendency to get away and usually put up more
    of a fight than other fish.
  • Light spinning tackle is the most popular and least
    tiresome after casting and catching fish all day .
  • You can also fly fish for bass.
  • Many bass fishers practice catch and release.

By Jesse G Roland

2 comments… read them below or add one

Brooklyn January 16, 2008 at 10:18 am

you should include the fish’s behaviors or tendancies.


admin January 16, 2008 at 10:20 am

Good point Brooklyn, I will include those on any other posts. Thanks for the feedback.


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